Question: How Do You Megger A 3 Phase Motor?

How do you calculate the resistance of a motor?

Ohm’s law tells you that current through a wire – even a long wire wound around a motor solenoid – is equal to the voltage divided by the resistance.

You can determine the resistance of a motor coil if you know the wire gauge, the radius of the solenoid and the number of windings..

What is a good Megger reading?

Turn on and read the meter. Anything reading between 2 megohms and 1000 megohms is usually considered a good reading, unless other problems have been noted. Anything less than 2 megohms indicates an insulation problem.

What is insulation resistance of motor?

Insulation Resistance (IR) is among the most common motor tests. … In an IR or megohm test the voltage applied and the total leakage current are measured between the windings and the motor frame/ground. Ohms law is applied to calculate the resistance in megohms.

What is the acceptable Megger reading for a motor?

The rule may be stated: Insulation resistance should be approximately one megohm for each 1,000 volts of operating voltage, with a minimum value of one megohm. For example, a motor rated at 2,400 volts should have a minimum insulation resistance of 2.4 megohms.

How many ohms should a 3 phase motor read?

2 ohmsThe reading should be between 0.3 to 2 ohms. If it is 0, there is a short. If it is over 2 ohms or infinite, there is an open. You can also dry the connector and retest to possibly get more accurate results.

How do you check electric motor windings?

Inspect the Motor Windings With a Multimeter To begin, set the multimeter to read ohms and then test the motor’s wires and terminal. You should test the windings for a “short to ground” in the circuit and open or shorts in the windings.

How can you tell if a motor is 3 phase?

First, you can check the motor nameplate data which is usually located on a paper or metal label attached to the side of the motor. Second you can simply look at the number of electrical leads coming out of the motor. If your motor has three black leads and a green lead then it is likely three phase.

How many ohms should a motor read?

0.5 ohmsEarth Continuity and Resistance Test A good motor should read less than 0.5 ohms. Any value greater 0.5 ohms indicate trouble with the motor.

How do I calculate resistance?

If you know the total current and the voltage across the whole circuit, you can find the total resistance using Ohm’s Law: R = V / I. For example, a parallel circuit has a voltage of 9 volts and total current of 3 amps. The total resistance RT = 9 volts / 3 amps = 3 Ω.

How do you read a Megger?

If the megger reads a resistance under 1 (1,000 ohms) on your meter after the initial 60-second interval, the cable has failed and the cable should be removed. If the megger reads a resistance between 1-1.25 on your meter, then the cable passes. Any reading above 1.25 is considered excellent.

How do you test a 3 phase motor insulation resistance?

Phase Resistance: Take the insulation tester and set it to 500V. Take each end and place it on different permutations of L1, L2 and L3 and record each reading. Phase to Earth Resistance: Take the insulation tester, using the same setting, and check each lead from phase to the frame of the motor.

Can you Megger a motor phase to phase?

You can meg from one winding to another as long as there is no connection between the two. The internal connection of the wye point on a wye connected motor will prevent testing between the windings internally connected but you could test from these three to the other windings.

How many ohms should a 3 phase motor have?

The windings (all three in a three-phase motor) should read low but not zero ohms. The smaller the motor, the higher this reading will be, but it should not be open. It will usually be low enough (under 30 Ω) for the audible continuity indicator to sound.